What Farmers Plant and Their Profit per Acre

What are the grains and cereal crops most often planted by U.S. farmers that yield the highest returns per acre? Which of these crops are easier to maintain for beginning farmers? Read whattdw.com’s research for our readers below.

Profit per acre

Farmers’ earnings per acre can vary depending on several factors such as geographical location, market demand, and agricultural practices. Here is an overview of the approximate income farmers can make per acre for some common crops:

  1. Corn: On average, farmers can earn around $400 to $800 per acre of corn. However, the actual earnings can differ based on corn quality, yield per acre, and market prices.
  2. Barley: Farmers typically make around $200 to $400 per acre of barley. The final income is influenced by factors such as barley variety, quality, yield, and market fluctuations.
  3. Sorghum: The income for growing sorghum can range between $300 to $600 per acre. It is important to note that prices can vary based on sorghum quality, yield, and market demand.
  4. Wheat: Farmers’ earnings per acre of wheat can vary from $300 to $700. Factors such as wheat variety, yield per acre, quality, and market prices contribute to the final income.
  5. Rice: The income for growing rice can range from $500 to $1,000 per acre. Since rice requires specific growing conditions and is more labor-intensive, the income potential tends to be relatively higher compared to other crops.
  6. Sunflower: Farmers can make approximately $400 to $800 per acre of sunflower. Factors like sunflower variety, yield per acre, quality, and market prices influence the final income.
how much do farmers make per acre

The numbers provided are estimates that may differ due to different factors. The amount a farmer can earn per acre for a specific crop is influenced by crop prices, weather conditions, farming methods, and regional market factors. 

Particular details of cultivation

When it comes to choosing crops for beginning farmers, it can be beneficial to start with unpretentious and reliable crops that are relatively easy to grow. These crops not only require less maintenance but also have a higher chance of success, providing the farmers with confidence as they begin their agricultural journey. Some of the most unpretentious crops for beginners include:

  1. Corn is a widely-grown crop that is known for its adaptability and relatively low maintenance requirements. It is a versatile crop that can be used for animal feed, human consumption, or processed into various products.
  2. Barley is a hardy crop that can thrive in a variety of climates and soil conditions. It requires minimal water and is resistant to many common diseases. Additionally, barley has various uses, including malting for beer production and animal feed.
  3. Sorghum is a heat and drought-tolerant crop, making it ideal for beginners farming in arid or semi-arid regions. It has a short growing season, requires minimal inputs, and can be used for both food and animal feed. Sorghum’s ability to withstand harsh conditions makes it a reliable choice for novice farmers.
  4. Wheat is one of the most widely cultivated crops worldwide due to its adaptability and simplicity to grow. It can tolerate various soil types and has the advantage of being a staple food crop. Wheat cultivation also provides farmers with opportunities to sell to local markets or mills.
  5. Rice is a staple food for a significant portion of the world’s population, and it is relatively easy to grow in regions with sufficient water availability. While rice cultivation may require more attention to water management and pest control, its high demand and potential profitability make it an attractive option for beginners.
  6. Sunflowers are hardy plants that thrive in a wide range of soil conditions. They require minimal inputs and have diverse applications, including oil production, birdseed, and aesthetic purposes. Sunflowers can also serve as a cash crop, providing an additional source of income for beginning farmers.

These crops offer practicality, reliability, and potential profitability for beginning farmers, allowing them to gain valuable experience and establish a foundation for their future agricultural endeavors.