Load Chart for Tires

The chart illustrates diverse tire metrics, showcasing wear patterns, pressure levels, and treads for various vehicle models.

The load chart for tires is an essential reference for anyone who needs to understand the maximum load that can be safely supported by a given type of tire when mounted on a specific vehicle. It helps to prevent tire overloading, which can lead to tire failure and possible accidents.

Below is a simplified example of what a tire load chart might look like, incorporating common types of tires, the corresponding vehicles, and the maximum factory load in pounds (lbs), which is typically used in the United States.

Type of TireType of VehicleFactory Load (Maximum Load – lbs)
P185/75R14 89SPassenger Car1,279
P215/65R15 95TPassenger Car1,521
LT245/75R16 120/116RLight Truck3,042
35×12.50R17LT 119QOff-road Light Truck3,000
ST205/75R14Special Trailer1,760
11R22.5 G124Commercial Truck6,000
295/75R22.5 G395 LHSCommercial Truck6,175

Please note that this table is an example, and the load ratings can vary widely depending on the manufacturer specifics and actual tire model. To ensure accuracy, always consult the tire load chart provided directly by the tire manufacturer or vehicle owner’s manual.

Understanding the Importance of Tire Load Charts

Tire load charts are crucial for vehicle safety. They provide critical information that helps prevent overloading, which can cause undue stress on the tires, leading to increased wear, heat buildup, and potential tire failure. These charts are specific to tire models and can be impacted by factors such as inflation pressure and speed.

Who Should Use Load Charts?

  • Vehicle Owners: Anyone who owns or operates a vehicle should refer to tire load charts to ensure their tires are suitable for their typical load.
  • Fleet Managers: Those who manage a fleet of vehicles, especially commercial trucks, should strictly adhere to these charts for vehicle maintenance and compliance with safety standards.
  • Automotive Technicians: Professionals who maintain and repair vehicles must understand and apply these charts during tire selection and replacement.
  • Tire Sales Professionals: Chart knowledge is essential for recommending the correct tires to customers based on their vehicle type and usage.

How to Apply Load Charts?

To apply load charts effectively, individuals should:

  1. Identify the tire size and type based on the vehicle’s OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) specifications or the current tire’s sidewall markings.
  2. Refer to the appropriate load chart from the tire manufacturer that matches the tire size and type.
  3. Verify that the weight of the items being carried in the vehicle does not go over the maximum load capacity specified by the manufacturer, as this could cause damage to the vehicle.
  4. It is important to always keep the tires inflated to the correct pressure recommended by the vehicle manufacturer, as the load capacity of the vehicle is typically dependent on tire inflation.

Adhering to these instructions will help to guarantee a secure and efficient performance of the tires, ultimately improving the safety and lifespan of the vehicle’s tires.