Unix Operating System: Pros and Cons

Pros and cons of the Unix operating system compared to Windows are pretty well known and users have a lot to choose from. If you are just starting to get acquainted with Unix, a brief “summary” of the operating system is as follows:

The Unix operating system is among computing’s most considerable innovations, offering the framework that the familiar Linux and Mac OS X running systems were developed on. Unix can be a viable option to Windows-based computer systems in many cases, using a stable and protected platform for hosting or other business applications. Nevertheless, the system does not have the vast user base that the various forms of Windows do. An extra gripe is that newbie users may discover its command-driven user interface puzzling.

Unix Pros and Cons


Unix is designed to take full advantage of performance through affordable memory use. The operating system uses protected memory – a memory allowance system where an offered block of memory can only be accessed by one application at a time – to make it possible for full multitasking, permitting several users to run several applications without running the risk of a system crash. In addition, Unix applications typically require a relatively percentage of physical memory to run, thanks to the operating system’s efficient use of virtual memory. Unix’s virtual memory abilities enable the operating system to use part of a computer system’s storage area as working memory, temporarily increasing readily available system resources and permitting large numbers of applications to run concurrently without experiencing a downturn.


Unix implements high security levels by requiring that all users verify to the system via a username and password. Moreover, all files on the system must have an owner, who can set particular permissions regarding which users can or can not read or modify that file. This security system decreases the possibility that an unauthorized user might gain access or tamper with important files or documents on a Unix system.


Perhaps the primary drawback of Unix is the high knowing curve connected with utilizing the software. Utilizing the os to its full potential needs learning the Unix shell commands – a vast set of text-based system commands that vaguely resemble the commands used in Microsoft’s DOS operating system. Learning these commands can take far longer than it takes to use the graphical interface on an operating system such as Mac OS X or Windows.


Getting assist with a Unix application or process can be more difficult than in a Windows environment. Unix documents can be verbose, difficult to read and even non-existent, and the system’s reasonably small user base decreases your chances of discovering somebody who can help you with your issue. By contrast, brand-new Windows releases essentially always deliver with extensive and easy to use documentation. In addition, the Windows assistance neighborhood is exceptionally comprehensive.

Linux is a open source operating system.While windows are the not the open source operating system.
Linux is free of cost.While it is costly.
It’s file name case-sensitive.While it’s file name is case-insensitive.
In linux, monolithic kernel is used.While in this, micro kernel is used.
Linux is more efficient in comparison of windows.While windows are less efficient.
There is forward slash is used for Separating the directories.While there is back slash is used for Separating the directories.
Linux provides more security than windows.While it provides less security than linux.
Linux is widely used in hacking purpose based systems.While windows does not provide much efficiency in hacking.
According to geeksforgeeks.org