It happens that programs on the laptop take a very long time to load, although there have been no problems with this before. In general, applications should not be loaded in a fraction of a second – the startup process may take some time, and this is normal.
When an application starts, all sorts of processes take place – reading data from the disk, processing by the processor, writing to RAM. But why can a program take a long time to start up?
Causes and what to do
- System load. The computer doesn’t have enough resources and it queues the program start. This is easy to check with the Task Manager under “Performance”. All parameters of your laptop (processor, memory, disk, graphics, network) can affect the launch speed in one way or another.
The problem will be a high load when you have not run any heavy programs. It is possible that resources are being wasted by background applications, which you can also see in the “Processes” tab. For a clean experiment, restart your computer.
- The hard drive is no longer at 100% capacity, or it is being accessed by other tasks. You can see the drive’s utilization in the Task Manager’s “Performance” tab.
Also drives are subject to degradation over time. Classic HDD drives lose their speeds due to mechanical wear and tear, and the SSD drive’s lifespan is severely limited by the number of rewrite cycles.
A serious problem with the drive can be seen not only when running applications – the computer will turn on and off for a long time, freezes may occur. The health of the drive can be checked with special applications such as HDDlife, Hard Disk Sentinel, Ashampoo HDD Control (better to select the software by manufacturer, not to list all).
- Problems with the program. Any installed program handles a lot of different data. Sometimes there is a lot of junk in the storage allotted for the software, which leads to a slow start. Try to reinstall the problematic software, saving the necessary information beforehand.
I had a case when a downloading program took a very long time to launch. During the launching the disk was 100% occupied for several minutes. The problem was found quickly – it turned out that the folder “Downloads” had never been cleaned and tens of thousands of files had accumulated there. This is also a situation we can take note of.
Situations can arise when an application received updates that were not installed correctly. Reinstalling it can help here as well. This rule applies to many programs – it is advisable to uninstall and install them periodically. The latest version without previous updates will already be loaded.
But here there is a nuance: the more modern software, the more computer resources it will require. It may be necessary to pick up an older version of the application and disable updates.
- There are computer viruses in your system.
This can be indirectly confirmed by the task manager, if you understand how many resources are consumed by a particular process. If you have suspicions, it is better to use a paid anti-virus. Let me remind you that any antivirus software developer provides a trial period for free use. To complete the picture you can first put one and then another antivirus.
You should also be aware that modern operating systems and programs are geared towards using an SSD disk. If you have an old HDD disk, then replacing it with a modern one will give you a tangible increase in running both the operating system and applications.