120Hz Vs. 240Hz Vs. 60Hz Refresh Rate


If you want to have some fun while purchasing televisions, ask the salesperson to give you a diminished on 120Hz vs. 240Hz vs. 60Hz … then kick back and be prepared for several minutes of rambling descriptions. While refresh rate is an essential part of the performance of tvs, especially large screen tvs, it’s likewise the most confusing element of trying to purchase a TELEVISION.

Different makers estimate various refresh rates, some of which are called “efficient,” some of which are called “active,” and a few of which are fancy-sounding top quality names (see Samsung’s Clear Movement). It’s practically enough to make you wish for the days of bulky CRT Televisions. Luckily, a little bit of fundamental knowledge concerning TELEVISION refresh rate can be carried from brand name to brand name and design to model.

What Is TV Refresh Rate?

Revitalize rate describes the variety of times a second that the television screen revitalizes or redraws itself. Despite the fact that the video on your tv seems a smooth running, constantly moving video stream, you have to remember it’s a series of still images that change quickly adequate to offer the impression of movement. The revitalizing of the screen isn’t something you’ll always observe when you’re seeing television, as the modifications occur too quickly for the human eye to see them … as long as they’re running as planned.

And that’s where the TV refresh rate gets in the picture. The more often the big screen TELEVISION is able to refresh the photo per 2nd, the smoother the video will appear. If there’s a hiccup or lost frame in the video series, that’s when you’ll observe it.

An inadequate refresh rate also might manifest itself in a minor blur when fast-moving things are shown on the screen, such as with sports programming. And bear in mind that a 4K television has about four times more pixels to determine and draw during each refresh than an HD programming on an HDTV, which means using faster refresh rates on a 4K TELEVISION ends up being more intricate, needing more processing power.

120Hz Vs. 240Hz Vs. 60Hz

Refresh rate is important in a television that depends on LCD technology, just because of the way the individual120hz-vs-240hz-vs-60hz-refresh-rate pixels in an LCD light and amount of time it requires to change the light in LCD pixels, as well as the way the LED backlight works behind the LCD screen. The newer OLED screen technology does not suffer from problems with motion blur, and revitalize rate is not determined in OLED units.

Some people are more conscious movement blur in an LCD TV than others. The best method for a producer to deal with movement blur is to increase the refresh rate of the screen, and that’s where 60Hz, 120Hz, and 240Hz get in the image.

Since video is shot at either 24, 30, or 60 frames per 2nd, the tv might have to use software application to produce extra frames to meet the wanted refresh rate of the television. If the video is 30 fps, a 60Hz refresh rate would need to double the number of frames If the refresh rate is 120Hz, the TV would have to produce 90 frames to go with the video’s 30 frames.

Duplicating Frames

Some HDTVs, especially those from a number of years earlier, would replicate frames to complete the missing out on frames. So if a video was shot at 30 fps and the TV had a 60Hz refresh rate, it would just reveal each frame two times in succession. The human eye wouldn’t be able to see the duplication. However, this strategy didn’t actually do much to reduce the issue of blurred movement on LCD TVs.

Another alternative is to blank the LED backlight in the LCD tv between frames. This must be done rapidly to avoid a noticeable flicker in the video. So instead of filling the blank frames of 30 fps video with a 60Hz refresh rate with a duplicated frame, the extra frames would just be black.

Interpolated Frames

As HDTVs and now 4K TVs contain more effective processors, manufacturers were able to put a various strategy to use, called inserting frames. Through this strategy, software built into the tv compares back to back frames, and then creates a frame or frames to fit in between the two back to back frames to smooth out any modifications in those back to back frames.

So if you’re displaying 30 fps video on a 60Hz refresh rate tv, the software in the TELEVISION would develop one additional frame that would fit in between each set of frames. The pixels in the software application created frame would basically be approximately the pixel positions of the “real” frames that surround it.

When you’re looking at 120Hz vs. 240Hz TELEVISION refresh rates, the interpolation technique ends up being much more popular. A 120Hz TELEVISION would have to develop 3 frames in between each pair of frames from the 30 fps video, and a 240Hz refresh rate would have to produce seven frames between each pair of frames in 30 fps video. This method works very well for quick moving subjects, permitting the LCD to carry out much better.

Some individuals do not like the way the interpolated video looks, as it’s almost too smooth. Still, these faster refresh rates provide the best ways for combating a few of the problems intrinsic in LCD innovation relating to motion blur.

Avoiding Fake Refresh Rates

Although most televisions claim an ability to reach 120Hz or 240Hz and even higher in a refresh rate, whether they in fact use such an outstanding leap in efficiency levels is up for argument. Each TELEVISION producer uses its own software to produce the extra frames, and nearly every TV maker uses a marketing brand to explain its refresh rate.

It’s important to comprehend: There is no standard you can use from TV to TV to identify its actual refresh rate or how a specific unit’s software application will carry out. Some producers rely on marketing claims when touting a particular refresh rate, rather than a real determined TELEVISION refresh rate. And makers will throw interesting brand on their refresh rates to make them seem like a high efficiency item.

Even if a producer declares 240Hz as a refresh rate for a particular LCD tv does not mean it is equal to another manufacturer’s 240Hz tv. The maker might use software to create a 120Hz refresh rate by adding interpolated frames, then it may blank the LED backlight or add in black frames to take in a 240Hz revitalize rate. The assimilated 240Hz refresh rate may create 240 various frames on the display per 2nd, but its performance might not be any better than a 120Hz refresh rate that just uses interpolated frames.

So when attempting to put TVs to the test of 120Hz vs. 240Hz vs. 60Hz, you truly need to do some research. Check out the fine print about any marketing claims regarding a specific brand name’s refresh rates. Numerous producers will produce descriptions for their refresh rate branding on the Web, which may aid with your research. Look for claims of a real refresh rate, rather than an efficient refresh rate.

And keep in mind that some people don’t truly discover a distinction in image quality once the refresh rate goes beyond 120Hz. Eventually, the best way to compare motion blur in televisions and their refresh rates– whether they’re phony, real, or something between– is side by side in a showroom while viewing fast moving programming, such as sports.


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Morris T. Parson, Tech Support

Leading specialist in electronics and engineering. Author of dozens of articles on various topics from the world of hi-tech. Sound independent analysis of products, exploring new niches and global trends is his special passion.

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  1. Reyus Mammadli (Tech Support Leader)

    Guys, in short, if you’re a gamers, I’d argue that you would see a higher, more apparent gain from switching to a high-refresh rate display than you would in updating to 4K — as doing both can get extraordinarily expensive and taxing on your hardware. 120Hz or 144Hz display screens make for smoother, tear-free gaming with less input lag.