The days of using a bucket and rope to get water from a well are long gone. Pump innovation has put an end to this primitive method. Using centrifugal force, a well pump shoots water from its underground reservoir approximately your home for use.
The depth at which your well sits will identify which design of well pump you’ll require:
Shallow Well Pumps
Shallow Well PumpsShallow well pumps are discovered in applications of 25′ or less. This design of well pump is not submersible and is positioned outside the well in a well real estate.
A function you ought to look for is overload defense, which prevents motor burnout. The best shallow well pumps are accompanied by a tank or a booster to increase PSI, which offers continuous water pressure to your home. If size is a restriction due to your well real estate, choose a pump with a booster as this will use up less space.
Deep Well Pumps
Deep Well PumpsDeep well pumps can be used in wells as deep as 90 – 300′ below ground. Unlike shallow well pumps, deep well pumps are submerged inside your well.
Considering these pumps can be numerous hundred feet below ground, a 3-wire model makes maintenance easier. This is due to the fact that the starter controls are above ground, wired to the pump. a 2-wire model is much easier to set up, but needs to the pump fail, you’ll need to bring it as much as ground level to repair it.
Convertible Jet Well Pumps
Convertible Well PumpConvertible well pumps can run in between 0 – 25′ with a shallow jet well nozzle or in between 25 – 90′ with an ejector assembly. These pumps are not submersible and are located in a well real estate. These pumps are popular with people who have a rising and falling water table.
The jet part of the pump, otherwise referred to as an ejector, has the primary function of increasing pressure to help draw water from a much deeper depth. The pump works by producing a vacuum in the suction pipe and counts on atmospheric pressure to require the water from the well to the pump.